Biopolymers for Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Tissue engineering is the immense area of research in recent years because of its extensive potential in the repair or replacement of impaired tissues and organs. The present research will focus on scaffolds as they are one of the three most important factors, including seed cells, growth hormones and scaffolds in tissue engineering. Among the polymers used in tissue engineering, polyhydroxy esters (such as PLA, PGA, and PLGA) have extensive attention for a diversity of biomedical applications. Besides, PCL has been extensively used as a tissue engineering scaffold. Scaffolds have been used for tissue engineering such as bone, cartilage, ligament, skin, vascular tissues, neural tissues, and skeletal muscle and as vehicle for the delivery of drugs, proteins, and DNA. The worldwide market for tissue engineering and regeneration products is normal to reach USD 11.5 billion by 2022.